Shirin Neshat • 2006 Recipient of the Dorothy & Lillian Gish Prize
Iranian-born visual artist Shirin Neshat is known for her hauntingly beautiful explorations of Islam and gender relations. Over the past 15 years, Neshat has created provocative expressions drawn on her personal experiences in exile, and on the widening political and ideological rift between the West and the Middle East. Her potent statements in still and moving images evoke the struggles that define her.
Born in Qazvin, one of the most religious cities in Iran, Shirin Neshat is perhaps the most famous contemporary artist to emerge from that country. Neshat left Iran just before the Islamic revolution (1979) and the fall of the Shah. Her subsequent visits to Iran after the revolution led to the creation of a body of work which launched Neshat’s artistic career; however, since 1996 she has not been able to return to her country due to the controversial nature of her art. After receiving her degree in art from the University of California at Berkeley, Neshat moved to New York, where she continues to live and feel the pull and push of her roots. She examines her homeland from a distance as well as in closer perspective on her travels across the Middle East.
On today’s complicated global stage, Neshat’s voice is unmistakably relevant. She first gained prominence with Women of Allah (1993-1997), a series of photographs depicting women in veils carrying guns with their skin covered in Islamic poetry. These arresting images reflected Neshat’s sense of how the revolution had changed the Iran that she knew, especially the lives of women seeking freedom, rebelling in martyrdom and militancy.
By 1996, Neshat began experimenting with film, producing a trilogy – Turbulent (1998), Rapture (1999) and Fervor (2000) – about gender roles in the restrictive Islamic society. In the first two cinematic statements, she immerses the viewer literally in the middle of the works, which are projected on two screens, each occupied by actors of one sex. The men and women are physically separated here in art, as in real life. In Turbulent, Neshat explores singing as a metaphor for freedom, inspired by an Iranian ban on women singing. In Rapture, she continues her theme with a story about women moving across the desert, and how a few eventually break free to leave on a small boat. Fervor expresses the passionate yearning of a couple who can only make contact with their eyes, closing the trilogy with an emphasis on the common ground shared between the sexes.
On a more personal note, Neshat explores her own displacement in Soliloquy (1999). Again using duo projections, she places an image of herself in the Middle East on one screen, and an image of herself in the West on another, visually revealing the split between the two very different cultures that are both apart of her life. She won best director at the 66th Venice Film Festival for her first feature-length effort Women Without Men (2008), based on a novel by Iranian female writer Shahrnush Parsipour.
Shirin Neshat, named “Artist of the Decade” by the Huffington Post, is the winner of numerous awards, including the Hiroshima Museum of Contemporary Art Peace Award (2004), the Infinity Award of ICP in New York (2002), the Grand Prix of the Kwangju Biennial in Korea (2000), and the Golden Lion Award, the First International Prize at the 48th Venice Biennial (1999). She has exhibited widely around the world at institutions including the Museum of Modern Art in New York, Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, Hamburger Bahnhof Museum in Berlin, Museo de Arte Contemporaneo in Leon, the Tate Gallery in London the New Orleans Biennial, the Whitney Biennial, and the Venice Biennale. A major retrospective of her work was exhibited at the Detroit Institute of Arts in 2013.
Adele Chatfield-Taylor – Adele Chatfield-Taylor is the President Emerita of the American Academy in Rome, where she further established the Academy as one of the world’s foremost cultural institutions. It is a much sought-after place for artists of all types to research, reflect and develop new work. Its prestigious Rome Prize Fellowships are awarded in a wide range of artistic disciplines.
Ken Brecher, Chairman – Ken Brecher is the President of the Library Foundation of Los Angeles. Previously, he worked as the Executive Director of the Sundance Institute. Brecher has also served as President of the William Penn Foundation, Director of the Boston Children’s Museum, and Associate Artistic Director of the Mark Taper Forum. An anthropologist by training, he has been the recipient of numerous fellowships, including a research grant from the Getty Center for Education in the Arts and a Ford Foundation Fellowship for his study of Amazonian tribesmen in Brazil.
He serves on a number of boards, is a Trustee of the Wildwood School in Los Angeles, and is a member of the International Arts Advisory Council for the Wexner Center for the Arts. Brecher has lectured and published widely, and has served as an international consultant on current challenges facing arts leadership.
Arthur Danto – Arthur Danto was a philosopher, author, and art critic, and a major force in shaping recent aesthetic theory. He served as Art Critic for The Nation, and published articles in many other journals. He was an editor of the Journal of Philosophy and was a consulting editor for various other publications. In addition to his essays, Danto wrote numerous books, including Encounters and Reflections: Art in the Historical Present, which won the National Book Critics Circle Prize for the Criticism.
Danto was a professor at Columbia University for over forty years. He was the recipient of many fellowships and grants including two Guggenheim Fellowships and a Fulbright, and he served as Vice-President and President of the American Philosophical Association and President of the American Society for Aesthetics